Saki Mana Punhi

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Saki Mana Punhi image
Image by Saurav Thapa Shrestha

Saki Mana punhi is one of the minor festivals that is celebrated within the Kathmandu Valley. Yet, it has its own importance in the customary lifestyle of the newa people.

People living in different localities and places, celebrate it to respect Mother Earth and convey thanks to her. However, this festival also seems more likely like an excuse to gather at one chowk or in a temple and play traditional music, under the light of a full moon. Isn’t it?

Yes, under the light of the full moon, listening to traditional music and bhajans, sometimes observing the battle between dhime and following musical instruments, roaming around the temple to temple to take a glimpse of Halimali (images made out of the grains), and then having Prasada, this is how the whole evening of Saki Mana punhi is spent in Kathmandu Valley.

People celebrate Saki Mana Punhi in a small gathering of people. But, this does not mean that it is celebrated within a specific place only. In spite of that, it is celebrated in the entire Kathmandu Valley. It’s just that they all celebrate it in their own specific localities, mostly in temples.

Meaning of Saki Mana Punhi

Generally, Saki means the roots of arum spinach and punhi means the full moon day. On the same date, people eat boiled arum roots along with sweet potato and fried grains. Possibly, that’s why the day is called Saki Mana Punhi which means a full moon day when the arum roots are boiled and then eaten.

The word Saki Mana Punhi is a word derived from the Newa culture. However, local people also prefer to call it Sakima punhi, and Sakimila punhi.

When is it celebrated?

Every year, Saki Mana Punhi is celebrated on the full moon day of Kartik (Oct/Nov) month according to the Nepalese calendar. Cause of that, it is also called the day of Kartik Purnima and Kachalathwa punhi, upon a sense of celebrating it in the very first month of Nepal Sambat.

But, sometimes it could take place either quite early or later than the month of Kartik.

The importance of Saki Mana Punhi

Saki Mana punhi is one of the rare festivals that is still breathing in our society. The festival is widely considered a respectful and thanksgiving festival. All the farmers humbly offered their harvest to Mother Earth and thanked her for taking care of them.

Besides, singing Bhajan in different localities, on the same date, people go to the nearest but one of the biggest temples of Narayan. For Bhaktapurians, the nearest and the biggest Narayan temple is the temple of Changu Narayan where the grand worship of Shrigarud is performed, on the same date.

People also pay homage to different Bauddha stupas and shrines like Swyambhunath, on Saki Mana punhi. As per Bajrayan Buddhism of the valley, the Tathagata Buddha, who once was meditating on the Nagarjuna mountain got up from meditation on the same day and sowed the lotus seeds in the valley, when the valley was just a lake.

Moreover, the day again also holds the procession of Shri Mahalaxmi in the Balambhu area.

Also, somewhere in the local darns, it is mentioned that the day further represents the Deepawali of the gods and goddesses. Well, this might be just an anecdote but the day doesn’t end here.

Halimali Bwayegu

The best part of the festival is Halimali Bwayegu which means exhibiting figure designs made from fried grains. Doesn’t it sound interesting?

Of course, it is.

That day, from each household, fried grains, sweet potatoes, and arum roots are offered in the nearby temple. Thus, the same grains and other ingredients became the elements of art. Different communities made different kinds of figures.

People gathering on the night of Saki Mana punhi

PC: Saurav Thapa Shrestha

Halimali made during the Saki Mana Punhi

PC: Saurav Thapa Shrestha

However, most of them beautifully ended up as the figures of different deities and sometimes the temples themselves. These things also define that the Newa culture has many attachments to the arts.

It is believed that the deed of doing halimali is about 300 years old. However, historians believe that it could be more ancient than this period of time.

Moreover, on the same day, one of the rarest musical instruments is also played i.e. the Naubaja along with the bhajans. Bhajans are religious hymns. The members of Dapha Bhajans sing and play it. You can simply roam around the Bhaktapur Nagar to witness these things.

And yes, the grains from which the figure is made are not wasted at all. It is given to the devotees who come to the temple that night, no matter where they are from. It doesn’t matter if they are from their localities or not. But, you need to wait a little bit for this.

Some extra facts related to Saki Mana Punhi

  • Naubaja is one of the traditional musical instruments that is played only on specific occasions. It consists of different musical instruments including Dha, Kot, Dhancha, Dhime, Nya Khing, Dhalak, Pachima, and many more.
  • This festival somehow also portrays the end of Tulasi Vivaha events that start a day after Haribodhini Ekadashi.
  • People also donate grains at Saki Mana Punhi, as they believe that this deed will never leave their stores out of grains.
  • As per the cultural scholar, on the day of Saki Mana punhi, the moon relatively comes quite close to the Earth. And, that’s why people stay awake at night. So that they could gain the positive energy that comes from the moon.
  • In Kathmandu Valley, the winter starts right after the Dashain and Tihar. Since Saki Mana punhi is the first festival that is celebrated after tihar, it also depicts the food that we can have during winter. The roasted grains and arum roots symbolically are eaten to warm up and invigorate the body.


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